Schubert 1797 - 1827 (30)

Happy is the man who finds a true friend, and far happier is he who finds that true friend in his wife.


Franz Schubert (1797-1827) was an important Austrian composer of classical music. Born in the suburbs of Vienna on January 31, 1797; his father was a musician and his first teacher. He had a good voice and in 1808 passed the exams for Stadtkonvict school, where pupils were prepared to become choristers for the imperial court. He lived several years deprived of entertainment, living in strict discipline, cold and often hungry, but at that time he began to compose. In May 1812 his mother died and on July 26 of the same year he lost his voice, so inevitably ended his career as a choir and started to compose music. After his father encouragement he started a school to become a music teacher. When finished it, in 1814, he taught for a while but did not like. He resigned which disrupted relations with his father. In 1815 he performed his own composition in concert and has some success, his teacher Salieri saw in him a musical genius. In this concert he met the love of his life, soprano Teresa Gkromp, however due to his poor economic situation and the involvement of the family, they never came to marriage. In 1820 she married someone else.

The years 1814 and 1815 was very creative for Schubert, he composed many works but without any success. In the following years there were many changes in his life, other years he was creative and had success, other he lived in poverty and depression. Gradually he became difficult and aloof with pleasant notes in his hard life a few performances of his works and some evenings named Soumpertiades, it was intimate gatherings where they played only his music. Since 1822 he began to perform his works for the general public and gained a status in Vienna's musical life. He suffered however from syphilis at a time syphilis was fatal and incurable. He made some notes that one should accept both the physical and mental pain as necessary for creativity. Since 1825 he won an Award, saw his works executed and earn the public and critics, which lifted briefly his morale. In 1827 one concert was given in honor of him. On November 19, 1828, he died from typhoid fever. He was fully conscious until the end and five minutes before he died he had said: "Behold, here is my end."

Schubert was exceptionally prolific throughout his short life and composed over six hundred works, but his talent and genius was not recognized until late 19th century, when the majority of his works were discovered.