Rochefoucauld 1613 - 1680 (67)
François de la Rochefoucauld (September 15, 1613 - March 17, 1680) was a French writer famous for his Maxims. As a young man, he pursued a military career, and at the age of 17, he took part in the Italian campaign, where he fought bravely. In 1636, he fought in the Netherlands. He later became involved in a failed conspiracy against Richelieu in 1637, and as a result, he was imprisoned in Bastille.
In 1642, he participated in a new conspiracy, this time against Mazarin. He was a notable figure in the siege of Paris, fought in many of the frequent military engagements, and was seriously wounded at the siege of Mardyke. In 1652, he had gained a leading position in the army, and the following year, he earned a royal allowance.
Around 1658, he retired from politics to his country estate of Verteuil, where he started writing. He published "Memoirs," a book with portraits of famous people of his time, which offended many people. In 1665, he published "Maximes" (Maxims), which established his position as a writer. He died in Paris on March 17, 1680.