Malraux Andre 1901 - 1976 (75)

What is Man? A miserable little pile of secrets.


The age of


Andre Malraux (3 November 1901 – 23 November 1976) was a French novelist and art theorist. He was born on November 3, 1901 in Paris; his parents divorced when he was young. His father fought in World War I, his mother died young. Andre before graduating from high school (while also studying Oriental languages ​​and art), he became involved with Clara, a wealthy older woman, with whom he traveled to Indochina. There he was inprisoned for trading antiquities, but Clara saved him with her acquaintances. He lived with her for 20 years.

Until the age of fifty, Malraux took part in any adventure called Fate and History and then recorded his experiences. He fought in China on the side of the revolutionaries, helped the Democrats in the Spanish Civil War, was an active member of the French Resistance during World War II.

The result of his direct contact with the East were the books "The Temptation of the West", 1926, "The Strange Kingdom" (1928) "The Conquerors" (1928), on the struggle of the Chinese nationalists against the British imperialists in Hong Kong. In 1933 he published his masterpiece, The Human Fate (Goncourt Prize), set in Shanghai in 1928. His reactions to the Nazi phenomenon are reflected in The Time of oppression (1935). The Spanish Civil War were recorded in the novel `The Hope (1937). The novel "The Struggle with the Angel" was about the occupation and the French Resistance, but the manuscript was destroyed by the Gestapo and only a small part of it was finally published.

After the end of World War II, he dealt mainly with art history and followed politically General de Gaulle, who was entrusted to him by the Ministry of Culture. He married twice and had a daughter. He died of cancer on November 23, 1976, while in Crete.