Ionesco 1909 - 1994 (85)

Ideologies separate us. Dreams and anguish bring us together.



Eugene Ionesco (1909-1994) was a Romanian playwright, one of the founders, along with Beckett, of the Theater of the Absurd. Born on November 26, 1909 in Slatina, Romania to a Romanian father and a French mother, he grew up in France until 1925 when he returned to Romania with his father after his parents divorced. He studied French literature at the University of Bucharest from 1928 to 1933 and became a professor of French. In 1936 Ionesco married, had a daughter and returned to France with his family to complete his doctoral dissertation. He remained in Marseilles during World War II and settled in Paris in 1944.

He began to write theatrical works in French, the first was "The Bald Soprano" (1950) with which he satirized the institution of marriage (spouses communicate so little that they become unfamiliar). In 1951 with the "Lesson" he satirized Education (misunderstanding, useless knowledge, barbarism), With the play "the Chairs" he mocked the bourgeois, the honors and glory that never come. In 1959 wrote "The Rhinoceros", in which he inhabitants of a small French town turn into rhinoceroses, (a symbol of man's inherent savage nature);

Ionesco wrote more than 20 plays and many essays and studies on theater, as well as some novels and stories, depicting the loneliness of man and the insignificance of his existence. He became a member of the French Academy in 1970 and won numerous awards and honors. He died on March 28, 1994.