Homer -800 - -730 (70)

Is an excellent omen, for one to defend his homeland.



In Odyssey, 10 years have passed from the end of the Trojan War (the subject of the Iliad), and Odysseus has still not returned home because he had angered the god, Poseidon. The poem begins with Odysseus' protectress, the goddess Athena, requesting to Zeus, king of the gods, to finally allow Odysseus to return home.

Homer, the greatest of ancient Greek epic poets, claimed to be the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, the first texts of the historical period of ancient Greece,  known as the "Homeric epics". These epics lie at the beginning of the Western civilization, and have had an enormous influence on the history of literature.
The Iliad consists of 15,693 verses and relates to the past fifty-one crucial days of Troy's war, which lasted 10 years according to legend. The Odyssey consists of about 12,000 verses and describes the return of Ulysses to his homeland (Ithaca ).
Homer's birthplace seems to have been in Ionia either Smyrna or Chios and he probably died in Ios. His name means "hostage" and in some other dialects, "blind". This led to many tales that he was a hostage or a blind man. Some Ancient depict Homer as a wanderer, he probably toured the Greek cities reciting his works, acquiring great reputation. We are given the image of a blind singer who hangs around shoemakers, fisherman, potters, sailors. On the other hand, his poems give us evidence of a singer at the courts of nobility.