Hikmet Nazim 1902 - 1963 (61)

Living is no laughing matter: you must live with great seriousness like a squirrel for example - I mean without looking for something beyond and above living, I mean living must be your whole occupation.”


The most

beautiful sea

The most beautiful sea
hasn't been crossed yet.
The most beautiful child
hasn't grown up yet.
The most beautiful days
we haven't seen yet.
And the most beautiful words
I wanted to tell you
I haven't said yet...

Nazım Hikmet (15 January 1902 – 3 June 1963), was a Turkish poet, playwright and novelist. He was born in the Turkish-occupied, at the time, Salonika, where his father was serving as an Ottoman government official. His parents divorced and he spent much of his childhood near his grandfather on his various wanderings as a senior state official in Asia Minor. He studied in Constantinople and graduated from the Ottoman Naval School in 1918. After an illness in 1920 he was relieved of his military duties and he started teaching in a school; he soon came into conflict with his superiors because of his communist ideas and had to stop. In 1921 he went to Moscow and stayed until 1924 studying economic and political sciences. In 1924, after the establishment of the Turkish Republic by Kemal Ataturk, he returned to Smyrna, where he worked as a journalist in various publications. As Kemal’s movement, grow opposed to the left-wing party, and he was a declared Communist, he had to flee to Moscow. In 1928 he returned secretly in the country, he was arrested and sentenced to three months' imprisonment. He then went to Constantinople where he worked in various magazines, newspapers and managed to publish his first poetry books. For his political beliefs, he was arrested in 1931 and acquitted in 1932. In 1934 he was accused of propaganda as he was talking for peace, and in a parody trial, without a lawyer and behind closed doors, he was sentenced to 35 years imprisonment. Europe's intellectuals launched many campaigns for his release, and eventually, after a hunger strike and 13 years in jail he was freed. Aw an ex-prisoner could not find a job nor publish books. In his 50s and with a shaken health, he was forced to self-exile. He went first to Moscow and then traveled all over the world to international conferences, becoming known as the revolutionary poet who was writing against war and nuclear. In 1951 the Turkish government abolished his Turkish nationality, in 1955 he fell in love with a much younger woman whom married in 1960 (his second marriage). Three years later, on June 3, 1963, he suddenly died of a heart attack. Hikmet was described as the "romantic communist" and "romantic revolutionary", his poetry has been translated into more than fifty languages.”The most beautiful sea”, “Hynm to life”, “On living” “The girl child” are some of his best known poems