Hawthorne 1804 - 1864 (60)
The scarlet letter
Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864) was an American novelist and short story writer. He was born on July 4, 1804, in Salem, Massachusetts. Hawthorne descended from Puritan ancestors and his New England upbringing greatly influenced his writing. He attended Bowdoin College, where he became friends with poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and future President Franklin Pierce.
Hawthorne's literary career began with the publication of his first novel, "Fanshawe," in 1828. However, it was his later works that brought him recognition and acclaim. In 1837, he published a collection of stories titled "Twice-Told Tales," which showcased his unique blend of romanticism and psychological exploration.
His most famous novel, "The Scarlet Letter," was published in 1850. Set in Puritan New England, it explores themes of guilt, sin, and redemption through the story of Hester Prynne, who is forced to wear a scarlet letter 'A' as punishment for adultery. The novel is considered a masterpiece of American literature.
Hawthorne's other notable works include "The House of the Seven Gables" (1851), "The Blithedale Romance" (1852), and "The Marble Faun" (1860). His writing often delved into the dark side of human nature and the complexities of morality.
Nathaniel Hawthorne died on May 19, 1864, in Plymouth, New Hampshire. His works continue to be studied and admired for their psychological depth, symbolism, and exploration of moral dilemmas.