Nikolai Gogol (1809-1852) was a writer of Ukrainian origin, his works (novels, short stories and plays) are among the masterpieces of realist literature of the 19th century. He was born on April 1, 1809, in the village of Sorotsinsky in the province of Poltava in central Ukraine (part of the Russian Empire at the time) to noble parents who instilled in him a love of letters and the arts.
At the age of 16 he presented a poem and in 1828 he emigrated to St. Petersburg full of hopes and dreams. He tried to work in the St. Petersburg theater but did not succeed, he experienced a series of writing failures and decided to emigrate to America. He reached Germany where he ran out of money, and had to return to St. Petersburg, where he accepted a low-paid job.
He continued to write and gradually came the successes with works such as: (Mirgorod, Araburgimata, the Inspector). Because of the reactions to the play "The Inspector", in which he satirized Russian society, the greed and stupidity of high-ranking officials, he left Russia and lived for years in Rome, where he wrote important short stories such as "The Coat", "The Nose" , "The diary of a madman "and perhaps his most important work," Dead Souls". Nicholai wrote the sequel to Dead Souls in the following years, but sometime in 1948, after a trip to Jerusalim, he burned everything he had written as a fanatical priest convinced him that his work was "sinful." He stopped writing and he lived in the following years in a "religious psychosis" during which everything around him was sinful. He died on March 4, 1852, in Moscow.