Benedetti Mario 1920 - 2009 (89)
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Mario Benedetti (Mario Orlando Hardy Hamlet Brenno Benedetti Farrugia, 14 September 1920 - 17 May 2009),  was a Uruguayan poet, novelist and journalist, one of the most important Latin American writers of the second half of the 20th century, a prominent member of the literary and cultural movement "Generación del 45".
Born in Paso de los Toros to an Italian family, two years later, they moved to Tacuarembó, the provincial capital, where his chemical father tried to set up a business, but failed after being deceived by scammers. They moved in the capital Montevideo where they lived in very difficult economic conditions. Mario completed six years of basic education at the German school in Montevideo, where he learned good German, which later allowed him to become Kafka's first translator in Uruguay. He then attended high school for two years but he was forced to quit in order to work and help support his family financially. He had learned shorthand at school, which he used it to make a living. He started working at the age of 14, first as a stenographer and then as a salesman, accountant, journalist, broadcaster and translator. He trained as a journalist for the Marcha weekly newspaper, with which he collaborated on articles and poems until the military government closed it in 1973. He was its literary director from 1954; in 1957 he traveled to Europe and visited nine countries as a correspondent for a weekly magazine. . Benedetti was politically active and his political thinking is reflected in his works. During the military dictatorship in Uruguay (1973 - 1985), he lived in exile, while being a strong supporter of the Cuban regime of Castro. He returned to Uruguay in March 1983, after the restoration of democracy, and began to split his time between Montevideo and Madrid. His wife died in 1006 and he followed her 3 years later.
Benedetti has written more than 80 books that have been translated into more than 20 languages, he is considered by the Spanish-speaking world as one of the most important authors of Latin America. His erotic and political poems have become very popular songs.